With the introduction of the computers life became easy since most of the staff that was done manually could now be automated. Computers range from the desktops, laptops to other very sophisticated computerized systems.
Any computerized system depends on a program or a software to run. A program is a set of rules that are written down for the computer to follow. Although computers are said to be intelligent, in the actual fact is that they do things in the manner that a person wants them to. They just don’t think of doing anything and go ahead to do it. No. Everything is predefined by a person (programmer) via a program. The program may require some inputs from an external source for it to work on and produce the results or it may just cause the processes to run as required.
The process of writing a program is sometimes referred to as coding. Programs are Witten in either assembly or using higher programming language. The assembly language is the language that the machines recognize and understand and it is also referred to as the machine language.it is usually very difficult to code a program in machine language since it usually comprises of zeroes and ones and for the programmer to write a whole program in this format there are very many errors that arise with the resulting program being very lengthy.for more information, visit www.outstandingcolleges.com.
However there are other high level languages that have been made to be used in programming. This have made codding easier since the program or code is written in a language that is easily understandable to the human beings. The arising program is also easy to maintain and it has minimal errors that are easy to debug as compared to the one written in the machine language.
There are various languages that are used to code. The language that one chooses to use will depend on the program that is to be coded. There are languages like Android that are designed to be used in small gadgets like the smartphones and tablets. Then there are languages like C, C++, JAVA, Python and many more that are used to make pc programs. However there other more complex languages that are used to program microprocessors or chips. These include languages like the Arduino, Matlab and AVR among many others.
If you ever have a dream of getting into careers like Computer science and some branches of Engineering like Mechatronic, then you have to learn how to code. Actually, nowadays it is almost mandatory that every university student be espoused to programming no matter which career they are pursuing. Programming is applicable to all fields because automation is needed to every career. For example if you are a teacher you can come up with a program that will help your students to access learning material.
Programming has contributed very much towards automation and simplification of life. Below are areas that has had great impact:
a. The artificial intelligence field.
This aims to synthesise goal-orientated processes such as problem-solving, decision-making, environmental adaptation, learning and communication found in humans and animals. It is the core to robotics and automation. Computer science degree knowledge contributes a lot to the evolution of this field.
b. Computer architecture and engineering
Computer architecture is the conceptual design and fundamental operational structure of a computer system. It focuses largely on the way by which the central processing unit performs internally and accesses addresses in memory. The field often involves disciplines of computer engineering and electrical engineering, selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create computers that meet functional, performance, and cost goals.checkout latest information from the original source.
c. Health informatics
Health Informatics in computer science deals with computational techniques for solving problems in health care. Actually by so doing it has improved to a great extent the services offered in the medical field.